Do you know how to identify rose variety? The rose is one big plant family. The third-largest in the plant world, to be exact. And identifying one isn’t the easiest of tasks. You can choose to plant one rose type or have different kinds in your garden.
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In this article:
Garden Season Tips: How to Identify Rose Variety Like a Flower Expert
A Basic Guide to Learning How to Identify Rose Variety
Knowing the basics of identifying the types of roses could save you a lot of time and trouble. To learn how to identify the rose variety, you have to understand their traits and features.
And while choosing the best one for you is something personal, you also have to consider the best type that grows well in your place. Read this guide to teach you how to identify rose variety that will be best for your garden!
Main Categories Of Roses
In general, roses are divided into three main categories:
1. Species Or Wild Roses
Wild roses are the ancestors of today’s modern garden roses. While they don’t have big flowers as vibrant as the modern ones or bloom as long, they can have pretty blooms in their season too.
They also live for a long time. The oldest living wild rose bush is said to be 700 hundred years old.
They are highly disease-resistant as nature had intended them to be. Plus, they have fabulous fruits or rose hips to compensate for their inferior blooms.
Rosa acicularis, rosa canina, and rosa arkansana are just some of the wild rose varieties you can grow in your garden.
2. Old Garden Roses
Just like their ancestor, the wild roses, old garden roses can live for generations. They are also disease resistant, and have a wider list of varieties like the duchesse de bravant, Hermosa, Blush Noisette, cinnamon spice garden rose, and Perle D’Or.
Old roses are easy to grow since they’re not high maintenance. Growing old roses is as easy as one, two, three.
3. Modern Roses
Modern roses are the result of breeding and hybridizing to create colorful and unique rose forms. Many rose varieties are named after their breeders like David Austin, Gorges Delbard, Rosen Tantau, and the Jackson and Perkins.
You have to give extra care for this type of roses and they don’t grow as long as the wild and old garden roses do. Modern roses are mostly bred for their beautiful forms ideal for cut flowers.
Types of Roses
Now, this is how you can identify rose variety by their physical features.
1. Shrub Roses
Most roses are really shrubs in actual form. But some roses grow taller or don’t grow that much.
Roses are classified as shrubs when they grow from three to seven feet, which make them ideal as hedges or ground cover. Some examples of rose shrubs are Sophy’s Rose, Sunrosa, and Knockouts.
2. Hybrid Tea Roses
Excellent for cut roses, because of their straight stalks or stems. These are the kind of roses that are sold in flower shops and are bred for their beautiful form.
With that feature comes the difficulty in growing them since most of them tend to have weak resistance to diseases and pests. Rosa peace, Mister Lincoln, Rio Samba and Double Delight roses are some of the best examples of Hybrid Tea Roses.
3. Spray Roses
Spray flowers are called such because their stems can hold lots of flowers. Polyanthas and Floribundas belong to this variety that boasts the feature of having several flowers and rosebuds in one branch.
They make good garden flowers with the blooms that they have. The Fairy rose, Julia child, Pink Supreme, and Amber Rose are some of the varieties of this kind.
4. Rambler Roses
The rambler roses are different from the climbers. For one, ramblers are sturdier and grow taller.
This makes them the best rose variety to train in a trellis, over an arbor, or on pergolas. Another distinct feature is that ramblers bloom in a bunch of seven with seven leaves in a group.
If you are planning to grow ramblers, some of the best choices are Dorothy Perkins rambler rose, or the Whichurana New Dawn which is very fragrant.
5. Climbing Roses
Climbers tend to grow slower than ramblers making them the ideal rose variety to train in pillars, trellis, and walls. But just like any other rose variety, they will grow out of proportion when not pruned.
Between the ramblers and climbers, climbers have larger flowers. Aloha, Penny Lane, and Joseph’s Coat Roses are some of the climbers rose variety you can choose from.
6. Ground-Covering Roses
Groundcover roses can be a shrub-type or a spreading-rambler. Whichever you prefer, they are both easy to grow.
Groundcover roses are ideal for landscaping with their lovely blooms and low-maintenance feature. You won’t even have to prune them often.
But since they seem to have never-ending bloom, deadheading will be regular. Some of the best variety of groundcover roses are Cambridgeshire, surrey, and magic carpet roses.
7. Dwarf or Miniature Roses
You know how tiny gardens like fairy gardens and tiny succulents are popular these days? Dwarf or miniature roses seem to follow suit.
Large roses can take up much space. And for someone who would love to grow roses yet lack the space, this is the best rose variety.
They may be indoor plants but since they were originally outdoor roses, they will require the same care as old garden roses do. Petite de Hollande and Cupcake roses are some examples of miniature roses.
8. Standard or Tree Roses
You can grow a standard rose by budding three rose bushes in a single sturdy stem to create a tree-like effect. Some of the best standard roses to grow are the English variety because of their bushy form.
The drawback is that because of the grafted part, the standard rose is not ideal to grow in areas with harsh winter weather.
Watch this video from P. Allen Smith for tips on growing roses successfully:
Though choosing a rose variety will be more of a personal matter, learning how to identify rose variety will greatly help you decide too.
Now you know how to identify rose variety, show us your rose garden in the section provided below.
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Editor’s Note: This post has been updated for quality and relevancy.